Earth and Space Science

Browse our 250,000+ quizzes tagged to specific skills in more than 50 curricula and standards


Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars and planets.
Ask questions to compare and contrast technological advances that have changed the amount and type of information on distant objects in the sky.
Construct an argument on why some stars (including the Earth’s sun) appear to be larger or brighter than others.(Clarification statement: Differences are limited to distance and size, not age or stage of evolution.)
Construct an explanation of the differences between stars and planets.
Evaluate strengths and limitations of models of our solar system in describing relative size, order, appearance and composition of planets and the sun. (Clarification statement: Composition of planets is limited to rocky vs. gaseous.)
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to model the effects of the position and motion of the Earth and the moon in relation to the sun as observed from the Earth.
Develop a model to support an explanation of why the length of day and night change throughout the year.
Develop a model based on observations to describe the repeating pattern of the phases of the moon (new, crescent, quarter, gibbous, and full).
Construct an explanation of how the Earth’s orbit, with its consistent tilt, affects seasonal changes.
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to demonstrate the water cycle.
Plan and carry out investigations to observe the flow of energy in water as it changes states from solid (ice) to liquid (water) to gas (water vapor) and changes from gas to liquid to solid.
Develop models to illustrate multiple pathways water may take during the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, and precipitation). (Clarification statement: Students should understand that the water cycle does not follow a single pathway.)
Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information to predict weather events and infer weather patterns using weather charts/maps and collected weather data.
Construct an explanation of how weather instruments (thermometer, rain gauge, barometer, wind vane, and anemometer) are used in gathering weather data and making forecasts.
Interpret data from weather maps, including fronts (warm, cold, and stationary), temperature, pressure, and precipitation to make an informed prediction about tomorrow’s weather.
Ask questions and use observations of cloud types (cirrus, stratus, and cumulus) and data of weather conditions to predict weather events.
Construct an explanation based on research to communicate the difference between weather and climate.

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