The student will identify key events, issues, and individuals relating to the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War. Explain the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the failure of popular sovereignty, Dred Scott case, and John Brown's Raid. Describe President Lincoln's efforts to preserve the Union as seen in his second inaugural address and the Gettysburg speech and in his use of emergency powers, such as his decision to suspend habeas corpus. Describe the roles of Ulysses Grant, Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson, William T Sherman, and Jefferson Davis. Explain the importance of Fort Sumter, Antietam, Vicksburg, Gettysburg, and the Battle for Atlanta and the impact of geography on these battles. Describe the significance of the Emancipation Proclamation. Explain the importance of the growing economic disparity between the North and the South through an examination of population, functioning railroads, and industrial output.