The student will describe Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal as a response to the depression and compare the ways governmental programs aided those in need. Describe the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority as a works program and as an effort to control the environment. Explain the Wagner Act and the rise of industrial unionism. Explain the passage of the Social Security Act as a part of the second New Deal. Identify Eleanor Roosevelt as a symbol of social progress and women's activism. Identify the political challenges to Roosevelt's domestic and international leadership; include the role of Huey Long, the court packing bill, and the Neutrality Act.