The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BCE to 500 BCE. Describe the development of Mesopotamian societies; include the religious, cultural, economic, and political facets of society, with attention to Hammurabi's law code. Describe the relationship of religion and political authority in Ancient Egypt. Explain the development of monotheism; include the concepts developed by the ancient Hebrews, and Zoroastrianism. Describe early trading networks in the Eastern Mediterranean; include the impact Phoenicians had on the Mediterranean World. Explain the development and importance of writing; include cuneiform, hieroglyphics, and the Phoenician alphabet.